Leather is a material made from the skin (hide) of an animal by tanning. Most hides have to be split because it is too thick to be used for crafting wallets and bags. After splitting the hide, the top portion is known as Top Grain Leather while the bottom portion is known as Split Leather. (Refer to image below)
Top Grain Leather
Top Grain Leather is the most valuable, desirable and durable part of the animal hide. It will have some markings such as scars, insect bites, wrinkles and veining which are natural characteristics of leather.
Split Leather is coarser, less durable but more affordable than Top Grain Leather. Split Leather is often used to make Suede or Finished Split Leather. Finished Split Leather often comes with polymer coating on the surface.
What is Full Grain Leather and Corrected Grain Leather?
Both are Top Grain Leather. Corrected Grain Leather has it's surface slightly sanded to remove any markings.
Is Full Grain Leather better than Top Grain Leather?
No. The confusion is caused by some viral videos that made incorrect claims and representation. Full Grain Leather is Top Grain Leather.
What is Genuine Leather?
It means the leather is genuine. It can refer to Top Grain Leather, Split Leather or Bonded Leather. Bonded Leather is made from leftover leather scraps and synthetic materials. It cannot be considered as leather.
If you see the words "Genuine Leather", likely it refers to Split Leather or worse, Bonded Leather.
What is Faux Leather?
It means the leather is fake. It lacks the natural elasticity and toughness of leather, and thus it's life-span is much shorter than leather.
Fake leather also comes in different names such as Vegan Leather, PU Leather, Simulated Leather, Leatherette, Eco Leather, etc.
Leather is strong, durable and sustainable. It offers something that no other material can match – uniqueness. No two hides are identical.
Leather appeals to our senses - the feel, the smell and the appearance. Leather aged beautifully.
Leather gives an aura of luxury and prestige.